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m%dK >d;kh iy bia,d

bia,d i;a;aj wdydr wkqNj lsu ;yk fkdlr we;af;a ukao@ tfia;a fkdue;s k bia,d ksudxY wdydr muKla wkqNj lsu wkqu; fkdlf<a ukao@ fuh wo fndfyda wkH wd.lhska iska u;= lrkq ,nk m%Yakhls' tneka f m%Yakhg oHdkql+, yd ;ldka; ms<s;=rla oSu ldf,da; hehs is;=Ks'

uq,skau yd fl<skau wm lshkakg fka bia,d tla wx. imQK m%fhda.sl cSjk l%uhla nj' tneka wkH wd.j, fyda fjk;a fjk;a isoaOdka;j, we;s lreKq" woyia" wjjdo" Wmfoia jeks lsisjla bia,duhg wE|d .ekSug fyda l=,shg f.k bia,duhg we;=<;a lsug lsis Wjukdjla fkdue;' th Yaj idOdrK Yah oyuls" cSjk l%uhls'

f nj w,a,dya w,a l=wdkfha 5 jeks mfPaofha 3 jeks mdGfhka fufia wjOdrKh lr ishs'

wo osk Tn fjkqfjka Tnf.a oyu wx. imQK lf<' ;jo uu Tn fjkqfjka uf.a wkq.%yh" wdYsjdo wx. imQK lf<' ;jo Tn fjkqfjka bia,d oyu Tnf.a udf.damfoaYh f,i f;dard .;af;'

tfia k bia,d Ouh" f f,dalfha kEu wiail uq,a,l cSj;ajk kEu ksfil=g lsis ielhlska yd wmyiq;djhlska f;drj wkq.ukh lsug yels h hq;=hs' wrdfha ldka;dr mirhl cSj;a jk ckhkag fukau" bkaoshdj" Y%S ,xldj jeks lDIsldl mirhl cSj;ajk ckhkag;a lsis ielhlska f;drj yDoh idCIshg tlj bia,d wkq.ukh lsug yels h hq;=h'

f ksid w,a,dya" ksudxY wdydr muKla wkqNj l< hq;= hehs iSudjla we;s fldg bia,d Ouh wkq.ukh lrk uqia,sjreka wmyiq;djhg m;a lf<a ke;'

ksid k i;ajhd ij NlaIl i;ajfhls' tu ksid ksidf.a wdydr cSK moaO;sh Ydl wdydrhg fukau udxY wdydrhg o W; jk mos kudKh we;' ksudxY wdydr muKla wkqNj lrk i;=kaf.a wdydr cSK moaO;sh ksudKh we;af;a yqfola ksudxY wdydrhg W; jk mosh' tfukau Tjqkaf.a uqLfha msysgd we;s oka; moaO;sh o ij NlaIl ksidf.a oka; moaO;shg jvd brdu fjkiah' tk wdydr weUug yd ;e,Sug muKla W; jk mosh'

tkuq;a ksidf.a oka; moaO;sh O o;a j. j,ska iuka; f' tk wdydr lene,sj,g lemSu i|yd lDka;l o;a o wdydr l=vd len,sj,g bu i|yd rokl o;a o wdydr ;e,Sug yd weUug iqiq jk mos pdjl yd mqrYapdjl o;a o jevqKq ksfil=f.a oka; moaO;sfha olskakg ,ef' lDka;l yd rokl o;a ;shqKq jk w;r" pdjl yd mqrYapdjl o;a me;e,s mDIaGhkaf.ka hqla; f'

ksid yqfola ksudxY - Ydl NlaIl cSfhl= jQfha k - ksidf.a oka; moaO;sh Ydl NlaIl i;=ka hk yrl=kaf.a tjkaf.a fuka o;a moaO;shla h hq;=hs' tk wdydr weUug yd ;e,Sug muKla iqiq o;a moaO;shla ksid i;= h hq;=hs' kuq;a Bg fjkia jQ o;a o Tyqg we;'

f wkQj n,k l, ksid i;aj udxY wkqNj lsu oHdkql+,hs' th ksia iajNdjhg mgyeks fkdf' tkuq;a bia,d iEu if;l=u wdydrhg .ekSug wkque;sh ,nd oS ke;' iQlr udxY bia,d ;yk fldg we;' tfukau ovh lr wkqNj lrk i;=kaf.a udxY ^fld" j,iqka" isxyhka" jeks i;=kaf.a udxY& wkqNj lsu bia,d ;yk fldg we;' f ksid i;ajdydr .ekSfuka ;sika fr! .;s .=K ksid ;=< we;s f hehs we;euqka k.k ;l o | jef'

f Yajh uejQ w,a,dya ksidf.a m%fhdackh i|yd Yajfha we;s wfkl=;a iEu fohlau ujd we;' tajdhska iuyrla foaj,a wkqNj lsug;a" iuyrla foaj,a N=la;s |Sug;a" w,a,dya ksidg wkque;sh ,nd oS we;' f nj w,al=wdkfha fndfyda ;ekaj, wjOdrKh flf'

ismdjQka uef;a" ^w,a,dya& Tyqh' tys Tng WKqiq ^we& o wfkal O m%;s,dN o we;' ;jo tys Tng nqoskakg wdydr o we;' ^Y= w,al=wdkh 16- 5

;jo Tyq Tng .uka lsu msKsi ukialdka; f,i wYajhka" fldgjka" nQrejka uefh' ;jo Tyq Tn fkdokakd fndfyda foa ujd we;' ^Y= w,al=wdkh 16- 8

;jo Tyqh" ^Tng& id.rh N=la;s |skakg ie<eiqf' thska Tn kejq uD udxY ^u;aihka& wkqNj lrkafkah' ;jo jkd m<|kdjka thska Tn u;= lr .kafkah'''' ^Y= w,al=wdkh 16 14

fuf,i i;ajdydr wkqNj lsug bia,d wkqu; l<d muKla fkdj" wkqNj lsu i|yd iqiq i;ajhka l=ulao@ tajdhska lsk fldgia o wkqNj l< hq;af;a@ tajd wkqNj lsu i|yd ilia lr.kafka flfiao@ hkdos ish,a, b;d iqmeyeos<sj bia,d W.kajhs'

^bfu iajdNdl f,i& h .sh ^i;=ka& f,a le;s" iQlr udxY" w,a,dyaf.a kdufhka f;drj l=ndka ^>d;kh& lrk ,o f., ld uereKq" myr ld uereKq" u je uereKq" wxj,ska wek uereKq" jk i;=ka imd lEfuka uereKq i;=kaf.a udxY wkqNj lsug ;ykh' kuq;a ksis f,i l=ndka lrk ,o tajd yer' ^Y= w,al=wdkh 5( 3&'

kshfmd;= wdOdrfhka ovh lr cSj;a jk mCISka wkqNj lsu bia,d ;yk fldg we;' Wod( rdcd,shd" Wl=iaid" .srjd" nluQKd wdoS mlaCISka'

ovh o;a we;s i;=ka wkqNj lsu o bia,d ;yk fldg we;' Wod( n<,d" n,a,d" fldhd" isxyhd" jrd wdoS i;=ka'

.jhd iyd Tgqjd yer m%jdykh i|yd Nd;d lrk i;=ka wkqNj lsug o bia,d wkque;sh oS ke;' Wod( nQrejd" fldgjd" w,s we;=ka wdosh'

yQkka" lerfmd;a;ka" l=yqUqjka jeks f i;=ka o wkqNj lsu bia,d ;yk fldg we;'

khs" imhka" lnrf.dhka" lsUq,ka" jeks Wr.hka o wkqNj lsu bia,d ;yk fldg we;' tfukau osh f.dv foflysu cSj;a jk WNh cSka wkqNj lsug o bia,d ys wkque;shla ke;'

f whqka wkqNj lsug iqiq fkdiqiq wdydr l=ula oehs fmkajd ka bia,d bka fkdkej;s" tajd l=ndka lrkafka ke;sk >d;kh l< hq;af;a flfia oehs fmkajd fohs' u;aihka l=ndka lsug wjYH fkdjk w;r wfkl=;a y<d,a ^wkqu;& jQ i;=ka l=ndka lsf oS wksjdhfhkau w,a,dyaf.a kdufhka th is l< hq;= f' f nj w,al=wdkfha fndfyda ;ekaj, i|yka we;' WodyrKhla jYfhka by;ska i|yka lr we;s 5( 3 mdGh oelah yelsh'

if;l= l=ndka lsu i|yd b;du;a ;shqKq wdhqOhla ^msyshla& Nd;d l< hq;= f' Wf.a f., yryd osfjk m%Odk kyr is|Sfuka l=ndka is l< hq;= f' fufia l=ndka lsu ksid Wf.a isref ixirKh fjka we;s rer ish,a, msg;g jykh f' f ksid Wf.a isref we;s fndfydauhla I c Wf.a isrefrka ;=rka hhs'

;jo f whqka >d;kh lsu" l= f.hla jeks whlska m%ydr t,a, fldg >d;kh lsug jvd b;du;a wvq fokdjla i;dg oefkk nj kk oHdfjka Tmamq lr we;' fuf,i l=ndka fldg wkqNj lsug bia,d l<;a i;d mk mska is;a oS Wf.a isrefrka fldgia lmd bj;a fldg wdydr i|yd .ekSug bia,d wkqu; oS ke;'

bia,d fufia i;a;aj wdydr wkqNj lsu kS;Hdkql+,j lr we;s kuq;a we;e weoys,s yd Yajdihkag wkQj i;ajdydr .ekSu uyd mdmhla f,i ie,fla' tjeks wd.l b.eka j,g wkQj m%dK >d;kh jQ l,S m%Odk mdmhkaf.ka tlls' Tjqkaf.a u;hg wkQj ksidg fukau i;=kago cSj;a f whs;sh ;sh hq;= njh' tneka m%dK >d;kh lsu Wiia ukila we;s ukqIH;ajhg fkdTk ls%hdjla nj Tjqyq ;l lr;s'

tfia k m,sfndaO kdYl Nd;d lsu uyd mjls' ukao m,sfndaO kdYl ksid fndfyda m%dK keiS hk neks' ^mkq& fnfy;a u mdmhls' ukao ^mkq& fnfy;a u ksid mKqjka cSka keiS hk neks' ysfia Wl=Kka urd oeu mjls' ta m%dK >d;khla isjk neks' jr ludka;fha kehe,Su mjls' ukao m%dK >d;khg iDcqju yjq,a jk neks' hqoaO lsu mjls' ukao hqoaOh ksid Yd, ksia >d;khla isf' fufia tlska tl lSfjd;a Tjqyq wmg wka;jdoS hhs yxjvq .eish yel' ke;sk uQ,OujdoSka hhs lshkak yelsh' ke;sk f;kdj wkQj tajd mjla fkdjk nj ;lhka f.k yer oelah yelsh'

;j;a iuyre mjikafka .j >d;kh is fkdl< hq;= njhs' Tjqkaf.a ukig wkQj u;aihka ^udka&" l=l=<ka" tjka jeks i;=ka >d;kh lsu fyda tajd wkqNj lsu fyda uyd mjla f,i fkdfmfka' bjqka bosm;a lrk ;lh k" .jhd f.d;ekg Wo jk i;ajfhls" Wf.a u, wms fmdfydr f,i Nd;d lruq' ta ksid .j >d;k Tjqyq fy<d olsk w;r we;euqka .j uia jckh lr;s'

ienkau wms idjOdkj l,amkd lr nefjd;a" .jhd wmg - ksidg hehs lshd lsisjla fkdfok kuq;a ksid iska tajd .jhd f.ka O l%fudamdhka yryd ,nd .kakd nj fmfka' WodyrK jYfhka ls .;af;d;a" ksid .jhdf.ka ls ,nd.ekSu i|yd .jhka wNsckkh lrhs' ls ksIamdokh i|yd fYaIs; wdydr .jhdg ,ndfohs' tfukau lsisu .jfhla ksid .ek is;d" ksid Wfoid u, my lrkafka ke;' kuq;a ksid tajd /ia fldg f.du fmdfydr jYfhka Nd;d lr;s'

idudkHfhka lDIsldl lghq;= j,oS nyq,j Nd;d lrkafka yrl=kah' kQ;kfha oS ta i|yd g%elag jeks hka;% Nd;hg .efka' f wkQj l,amkd lr n,k l, .j >d;khg tfrysj bosm;a lrk Bkshd ;l ;l mjd ksr:l ksiaidr tlla nj ukiska Wiia ukqIHhdg f;are hkq we;' wfkla w;g .j >d;kh lsu ksid .jhd j| f ;ckhg ,la ke;' ,la jkafka o ke;'

kQ;k oHdjg wkQj ksid" i;d isjqmdjqkag muKla fkdj .ia fld<ka j,g o m%dKh we;s nj Tmamq lr we;' kuq;a f nj oekg jir 1426 fmr bia,d mjid we;' ksid we;= i;d isjqmdjqkag o cSj;a u i|yd wdydr" c,h" jd;h" wdf,dalh" gka" Lksc ,jk hkdosh wjYH f'

tfukau Ydlj,g o cSj;a u i|yd ta iEu tllau wjYH f' ksid we;= i;d isjqmdjqka fuka .ia fld<ka o ;u j.hd fnda lrhs' tfukau ksid we;= i;d isjqmdjqkag fuka .ia fld<kaj,g o yeS we;s nj;a" oefkk nj;a" kk oHdfjka Tmamq lr we;' .ia fld<kaj,g o Y%jKh l< yel' fokdjka oefka' kuq;a fjkilg we;af;a .ia fld<kaj,g wfkl=;a i;=ka fuka ieirkakg fkdyels u muKs'

f wkQj Ydl hkq mK we;s cShls' tajdg wdhqI ld,hla we;' l l,la f f,dafla cSj;a h hhs' f wkQj l,amkd lr nefjd;a .ia fld<ka lemSu o m%dK >d;khla jkq we;' kuq;a i;=kag fuka .ia fld<ka j,g m%n, bkashhka fkdue;s ksid tajd wkqNj lsfuys jrola keye hs flfkl= ;l l< yelsh' tfyu k weoskakg ne" wx. l," w| ys" .jhka >d;kh fldg wkqNj lsu tjekakkaf.a ;lhg wkQj mjla fkdjkafkah'

we;e wd.l ,lhka Ydlj,g m%dK we;ehs Yajdi fkdlr;s' fuu u; jdoh yhg lkak kE jqkyu lnrhd;a ;,f.dhd lr.kakd jf.a l;dj yd iudkh' tfia kuq;a tu wd.f mQcljre iajlSh oyu" kk oHdjg wkql+, nj;a" oHdkql+, nj;a f,dalhdg ta;a;= .ekaug ck udOH yryd Yd, mY%uhl fhoS is;s'

ksid we;= iEu i;ajfhl=u ;u meje;au i|yd leue;af;ka fyda wlue;af;ka" oekqj;aj fyda fkdoekqj;aj m%dK >d;kfha kshe,s isk nj Wiia ukila we;s ksidg jegysh hq;=h' fuh kk oHdfjka Tmamq lr we;s i;Hhls' kuq;a bia,d muKhs f m%dK >d;kh l< hq;af;a flfiao@ l=ula i|ydo@ lsk i;=ka >d;kh l< hq;af;ao@ hkdos jYfhka lsish u. fmkaula iSudjla ,nd oS we;af;a' f ksid lsis j. Nd.hlska f;dr" olsk olsk i;=ka fkdaodxYhla f,i ovh fldg >d;kh lsu bia,d brd ;yk fldg we;' i;=ka muKla fkdj .ia fld<ka mjd wkjYH f,i lmd fldgd kdY lsug bia,d wkqn, fkdfohs'

f wkQj Wiia ukila we;s ukqIHfhl=g mila fjkjd we;s kQ;k f,dalfha kEu rgl cSj;a jk kEu mqoa.,fhl=g lsis mels,Sulska f;drj Yajdifhka hq;=j m%dfhda.slj wkq.ukh l< yels udf.damfoaYh bia,d nj' oeka b;ska j; rg;a ksiaidr ;l ;l bosm;a lrka .;dkq.;slj uqL mrmrdfjka mej; tk wdrNhla" uq,dY%hla ke;s ms<sfj;la oyula wkq.ukh lrkjdo@ ke;sk iajNdjhg tl jQ;a" ms<smeoSug myiq jQ;a oyula wkq.ukh lrkjdo@

Wiia ukila we;s ljqre;a f .ek yqol,dj is;d ne,Sug j'

wnQ wr*d;a

m%fndaOh
 

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